What’s the difference between THC and CBD?


As more and more states legalize marijuana, you’ve undoubtedly heard a lot about it. It originates from the cannabis plant, which yields a viscous material rich in substances known as cannabinoids. More than 100 cannabinoids, including the two primary ones, THC and CBD, which induce pharmacological effects in the body, are produced by the cannabis plant.

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The primary psychoactive component of the cannabis plant is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. When you consume an edible or smoke marijuana, it’s what gives you a “high.”

The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency lists marijuana and other THC-containing products as Schedule 1 restricted narcotics (DEA). This indicates that even while marijuana is allowed in some states and localities, including for medicinal purposes, the DEA believes they have a high potential for misuse and no present medical use.

There are three common types of THC: hash/hashish, hash oil, and plants or flowers. The most widely used kind is the herbal one. It is manufactured from dried cannabis buds, or leaves and flowers, which may be added to food or beverages or smoked.

A solid or paste-like material called hash is created by refining or compressing the resin extracted from the buds. When the resin in hash is extracted into its purest form, hash oil—the strongest form—is created.

CBD: What is it?

Cannabidiol is shortened to CBD. It is derived from the cannabis plant as well. Although CBD and THC are linked, CBD is not psychoactive and does not provide the same “high” feelings as THC. While it is more readily available than THC in the United States, selling CBD is subject to state-specific regulations.

There are several kinds of CBD available, such as oils, extracts, patches, vape pens, and topical lotions. It is believed to offer a range of health advantages. It is also the active component in Epidiolex, the first marijuana-based drug that the FDA has approved for the treatment of epilepsy.

Where Are THC and CBD Originated?

Cannabis sativa is the species of plant that yields both THC and CBD. However, the two are very different from one another.

Hemp is a kind of cannabis plant that is typically used to produce CBD. THC content in hemp is typically less than 0.3%. Marijuana is defined as cannabis plants with THC contents higher than 0.3%.

The resin found on the leaves and buds of female cannabis plants is the source of THC and CBD. The hemp plant’s blooming heads are another source of CBD.

Synthetic cannabinoids are synthetic compounds that replicate the effects of THC. They are often referred to as synthetic marijuana, Spice, or K2. The psychotropic components can result in significant responses and have effects distinct from THC.

The Chemical Structure of CBD and THC

The chemical makeup of CBD and THC is identical, consisting of 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. However, because of their diverse atomic arrangements, the atoms have different chemical characteristics and unique affects on your body.

Both have an impact on the intercellular communication in your brain.

The Effects of THC and CBD on the Body

When you take THC and CBD, you experience various effects. This is the method.

Effects of CBD

Scientists have discovered a number of “molecular targets” in your body that CBD can influence.

Still, the precise mechanism of action of CBD is unknown. It is believed by researchers to slow down brain messages, reduce brain inflammation, and alter the amount of calcium in brain cells, which is important for intercellular communication.

What other ingredients CBD products could include is a major concern. Nobody can ensure their purity because the FDA doesn’t control the majority of them. According to one research, over 25% of CBD products had less CBD than what was stated on the label, and some of them also had THC.

This can result in a false positive drug test result for you. The FDA advises consumers to exercise caution before using these items and has warned the firms marketing them many times.

Effects of THC

The psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, THC, activates your brain’s pleasure centers. Additionally, it releases dopamine, the hormone that makes you feel good and calms you down.

THC content varies in marijuana. Its potency and the number of impacts it has on your body and brain increase with the level. The marijuana plants of today are more robust than ever. THC content in marijuana has increased from around 4% in the mid-1990s to 15% on average.