9 Guidelines For Excellent Web Design
A website’s usability and utility, not its aesthetic design, determine its success or failure. User-centric design has emerged as a standard method for effective and financially driven web design as the page visitor is the only one who clicks the mouse and thus makes all the decisions. Ultimately, a feature may as well not exist if people are unable to utilize it.
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As has already been covered in a number of articles, we won’t go into the specifics of how the design is implemented, such as where the search box should go. Instead, we’ll concentrate on the key ideas, heuristics, and techniques of successful web design. When applied correctly, these techniques can result in more complex design choices and streamline the way information is perceived.
1. Avoid Making Users Consider
The first law of usability by Krug is that a web page should be clear and self-explanatory. It’s your responsibility as a website creator to eliminate the question marks from the judgments visitors must deliberately make, weighing advantages, disadvantages, and options.
The amount of question marks increases and makes it more difficult for users to understand how the system functions and how to navigate from point A to point B if the navigation and site layout aren’t straightforward. Users may find their way to their goal with the use of a readily identifiable structure, reasonable visual cues, and connections that are clearly marked.
Let’s examine an illustration. “Beyond channels, beyond products, beyond distribution,” is how Beyondis.co.uk describes themselves. What does that signify? These three sentences would be the first things viewers see on the page once it loads since people often browse webpages using the “F” pattern.
Despite the straightforward and user-friendly design, the user must look for the explanation in order to grasp the content of the website. This is the meaning of an extraneous question mark. It is the responsibility of the designer to ensure that there are almost no question marks. The explanation graphic is positioned on the right. To make both blocks more usable, just swap them.
ExpressionEngine follows Beyondis’ structure exactly, without the superfluous question marks. Additionally, the term starts to make sense when customers are given the opportunity to download the free version and sample the service.
You may facilitate visitors’ understanding of the concept underlying the system by lowering their cognitive burden. After you’ve done this, you may explain to users the value of the system and how they can take use of it. If users are unable to navigate your website, they will not utilize it.
2. Refrain from wasting users’ patience
When providing a service or product to your visitors as part of a project, aim to make the user needs as low as possible. A random visitor is more likely to really check out a service if it requires less work on their part. Rather of completing lengthy online forms for an account they might not use in the future, first-time visitors are prepared to experiment with the service. Allow visitors to peruse the website and learn about your offerings without pressuring them to divulge personal information. It is unreasonable to need consumers to provide their email address in order to test a product.
According to Ryan Singer, the developer for the 37Signals team, if customers were asked for their email address after seeing the function work and knew what they would be receiving in exchange, they would most likely be happy to supply it.
3. Effectively Direct Users’ Attention
Since websites offer both dynamic and static material, some UI elements get more attention than others. Images stand out more than text, for obvious reasons, just as bolded phrases stand out more than plain text.
Since the human eye is a very non-linear instrument, edges, patterns, and movements can be quickly identified by online users. Because of this, video-based ads are incredibly bothersome and intrusive, but from a marketing standpoint, they effectively grab viewers’ attention.
4. Aim for Exposure to Features
The way that modern site designs guide users with visually attractive 1-2-3-done steps, huge buttons with visual effects, etc., is generally criticized. However, these aspects aren’t all that horrible from a design standpoint. On the other hand, because they guide users through the site’s material in an easy-to-understand manner, these instructions are incredibly successful.
Dibusoft blends a user-friendly website with a clear hierarchy. There are nine primary navigation choices on the website, all of which are immediately apparent. However, the color scheme could be too light.
Effective user interface design is based on the core idea of letting the user perceive what functionalities are accessible. It makes little difference how this is accomplished. What counts is that users feel at ease interacting with the system and that the material is well comprehended.
5. Employ Effective Writing
Because of the differences between print and the Web, writing styles must be tailored to the tastes and surfing patterns of consumers. Writing for promotion won’t be read. Long text passages devoid of graphics and keywords highlighted in bold or italics will not be read. Overly dramatic wording will not be accepted.
Discuss business. Steer clear of names that are too cutesy or witty, made up for marketing, company-specific, or obscure technical terms. When describing a service and encouraging people to register, for example, “sign up” is preferable than “start now!” and “explore our services” once again.
6. Make Simplicity Your Goal
The main objective of site design should be to adhere to the “keep it simple” (KIS) guideline. Users seldom visit a website only to appreciate its design; instead, they are often there to find information, regardless of the aesthetics. Aim for simplicity rather than intricacy.
From the perspective of the user, the ideal website design consists just of text, free of any ads or other content blocks that precisely match the search query or material the user is looking for. This is among the factors that make a print-friendly version of a website crucial to a positive user experience.
7. Be Comforted By The White Space
It’s very difficult to overstate the significance of white space. It not only helps visitors see the information on the screen more easily, but it also lessens their cognitive burden. The first thing a new visitor attempts to do when they come across a design layout is to scan the page and break up the content area into easily readable sections.
It is more difficult to read, scan, analyze, and operate with complex structures. It’s typically preferable to choose the whitespace solution when given the option to divide two design parts by either visible line or whitespace. According to Simon’s Law, hierarchical frameworks simplify information; the more effectively you can give consumers a feeling of visual hierarchy, the easier it will be for them to understand your material.
8. Conventions Are Our Allies
A website that uses conventional site element design is not dull. As they lessen the learning curve and the requirement to figure out how things function, conventions are actually incredibly helpful. For example, if RSS-feeds were presented differently on every page, it would be a nightmare for usability. That is not all that unlike from our daily lives, where we typically become accustomed to the fundamentals of data organization (folders) and purchasing (product placement).
Conventions help you establish your legitimacy and win users’ confidence, trust, and dependability. Respect user expectations by being aware of what they anticipate from the text structure, search placement, and site navigation, among other things.
Using Babelfish, for example, to translate a website into Japanese if your users don’t know the language, and giving your usability testers a challenge to locate anything in the page written in a different language is a common example from usability sessions. Users who use conventions correctly will be able to accomplish a vague goal even if they are unable to comprehend a word of it.
9. Do frequent and early tests
Every online design project should follow the so-called TETO-principle since usability testing frequently offer vital insights into important concerns and difficulties pertaining to a certain layout.
Don’t test too little, too late, or for the incorrect reasons. In the latter instance, it’s important to realize that the majority of design choices are local. As a result, you must evaluate each layout from a very unique perspective, taking needs, stakeholders, budget, and other factors into account. As a result, it is impossible to say with certainty which layout is superior.