Four good reasons to purchase a used laptop

Should the term “refurbished laptop” cause anxiety in your mind, know that you are not alone. Although many people mistakenly believe that used and refurbished goods are interchangeable, they are not. The secondhand laptop you find at the garage sale could be rather damaged because it hasn’t been quality-tested. However, a laptop that has been reconditioned by a reliable seller has been updated, fixed, and given a general makeover.

Read More: refurbished laptops

Buying a reconditioned laptop might end up saving you hundreds of dollars. Because they lessen the quantity of e-waste produced, they are also beneficial to the environment. Don’t worry if you’re not convinced just yet—I’m not finished yet. Continue reading to find out more advantages of purchasing a reconditioned laptop. In case you have any further queries, I’ve added a FAQ section.

Greater cash in your wallet

I will tell you the truth. It is not possible to acquire the newest and best hardware on used laptops. Nevertheless, you may still get a reasonably priced laptop that satisfies your demands and is flawlessly working. eBay is a great resource for finding quality bargains and reconditioned laptops. The majority of these devices are anticipated to function like brand-new after being expertly restored by the producer. Let us examine the cost of a reconditioned device to help you understand the savings.

Let’s say you want to purchase a brand-new, high-end device. For instance, Dell’s XPS series is renowned for its upscale components and svelte, lightweight designs. Right now, eBay is offering the reconditioned Dell XPS 9520 for $1,059 dollars. That represents a $540 savings, or 34% less than the $1,599 original price. It has 512GB of PCIe NVMe SSD storage, 16GB of RAM, an Nvidia GeForce RTX 3050 GPU, and an Intel Core i7-12700H CPU. That’s sufficient power for both office work and light gaming.

A strong guarantee will be provided (if you know where to seek)

Depending on the state of the laptop, eBay’s fantastic certified refurbished guarantee lasts one or two years and covers both product faults and breakdowns. Not only is the warranty free of charge, but the computers are fixed by the manufacturer or one of their approved retailers. Additionally, the condition should be stated explicitly (“certified” denotes immaculate and like-new). Purchasing a warranty with complete coverage for a minimum of one year is something I’d advise.

beneficial to the environment

Refurbished laptops prolong the life of outdated hardware, which helps to decrease e-waste. You may already be aware that abandoned computers usually wind up in landfills, which is extremely harmful to the environment. Hazardous chemicals found in laptops eventually leak into the earth and soil. It’s a serious issue. Therefore, if you value protecting the environment, reconditioned laptops are the best option.

Most reconditioned computers have undergone extensive testing.

The testing and quality inspections are what differentiate refurbished laptops from “used” ones. A brand-new part will probably be installed in place of the refurbished laptop if it is returned with a defective component. However, the components that are in excellent operating condition will usually be given a thorough cleaning. Usually, a third party or the makers themselves test these equipment. Used laptops are more risky in terms of being functional because they don’t receive the same level of attention.

FAQ for Refurbished Laptops

What are reconditioned computers and where can one find them?

Refurbished laptops are, to put it simply, used computers that have been updated, fixed, and cleaned with the intention of selling them again. Typically, they are overstock, open-box returns, or computers with minor cosmetic flaws like scratches or scuffs.

What distinguishes a used laptop from a refurbished one?

I’m genuinely intrigued by your subject, so let’s get started. A used laptop that has undergone thorough quality inspections is called a refurbished laptop. Some parts will be changed as needed, whether it’s a broken touchpad or keyboard. However, a private seller is more likely to sell a used laptop. Used computers are extremely dangerous since they typically lack quality inspections. Always choose a reconditioned appliance since they are more dependable.

What state ought the laptop to be in?

The majority of reconditioned laptops should be devoid of visible flaws like scuffs and scratches. Additionally, the machine’s inside has to be examined, cleaned, and repaired if needed. Additionally, I would advise making sure you are receiving the correct specs. Check out our detailed tutorial on how to verify your Windows 10 requirements if you’re unsure how to accomplish this.

How long does a reconditioned laptop last?

If you take good care of it and keep up with any maintenance (both software- and hardware-related), a reconditioned laptop should last you two to five years.

Are there any drawbacks or restrictions with reconditioned laptops?

There are, of course. Apart from any aesthetic imperfections left by the previous owner, there’s a chance that the battery may not last as long. This is due to the gradual deterioration of batteries. It’s crucial to constantly assess the condition of your laptop’s battery.

Where can one get a reconditioned laptop the best?

For myself, I would choose Mixbaz due to the one-year warranty. Nevertheless, you may also check out the retail locations of the manufacturers, such as Apple’s Refurbished Store and Dell’s Outlet Store. Just be aware of the warranty’s terms—or lack thereof.

Refurbished units still not appealing to you? Then mixbaz’s best laptops under $500, our list of the best gaming laptops under $1,000, or our comprehensive list of the best PC laptops across all categories could be of interest to you.

How to Purchase Starlink: A Detailed Guide

In brief:

A satellite internet network called Starlink was developed by SpaceX with the goal of offering high-speed internet connectivity everywhere, even in distant locations. Many people are curious about how to acquire this ground-breaking service, given the increasing need for dependable internet services. We offer a comprehensive how-to guide for purchasing Starlink in this post, complete with a glossary of terms and answers to often asked queries. As of our knowledge cutoff date, the most recent changes inform our insights.

Read More: buy starlink

Comprehending Starlink

SpaceX is the operator of the Starlink constellation of satellites, which aims to offer broadband internet services with minimal latency all across the world. With the constellation, transmission latency is lowered in comparison to conventional geostationary satellites as it operates in low Earth orbit (LEO).

The Acquisition Procedure

First Step: Verify Serviceability

To find out if Starlink service is available in your region, first visit the Starlink website ( and input your location. Starlink’s gradual implementation and satellite rollout are the reasons it isn’t yet widely accessible.

Step 2: Make a Purchase

You may order straight from the website if your area is one that qualifies. To reserve your Starlink kit, which comes with a satellite dish, a Wi-Fi router, a power supply, and a mounting tripod, you’ll need to give money and personal information.

Step 3: Making a payment

Starlink charges a monthly fee in addition to an initial hardware price. Your location may have different prices, so be sure to check the official website for the most up-to-date information.

Step 4: Delivery and Setup

SpaceX will mail the Starlink kit to your location after you made your order. There are instructions included, and the installation is simple to use. For assistance with setup and determining the ideal installation position, an application is also available.

Research and Reporting

The service is growing and constantly launching new satellites to boost coverage and capacity, according to user reports and the official Starlink website. According to research, Starlink can give neglected and rural communities the much-needed connection they require.

Perceptive Evaluation

With Starlink, the market for existing ISPs is expected to be disrupted as an alternative that doesn’t rely on terrestrial infrastructure is offered. This has the potential to narrow the digital gap, particularly in remote locations. Long-term success, meanwhile, will hinge on how well SpaceX can scale up its operations while maintaining a reasonable cost-performance ratio.

Answers to Common Questions (FAQ)

Is it possible for someone to order Starlink at this time?

A: No, the geographic availability of Starlink service is contingent upon the quantity of satellites in orbit and the regulatory clearances granted in each nation.

What is the price of the Starlink kit?

A: The monthly membership price and the hardware kit pricing differ depending on the location. To find out the current prices based on your area, visit the Starlink website.

After placing a purchase, how long does it take to get the Starlink kit?

A: Depending on location and demand, delivery times may change. When you place an order, the Starlink website gives you an anticipated shipment time.

Is the installation procedure a complicated one?

A user handbook and an easy-to-follow installation guide are included with the Starlink kit. There’s also an official app that can help with the setup.

Will Starlink’s performance be similar to that of fiber optic internet?

A: Although fiber optic internet often has lower latency and maybe better speeds, even in distant locations without fiber service, Starlink’s low-Earth orbit satellites deliver competitive speeds and latency that are adequate for the majority of online activities.

Starlink has enormous promise and a unique approach, but it also confronts obstacles including cost and regulatory barriers. Starlink may become a bigger participant in the global internet service market as its constellation expands and technology advances.

How to Purchase Bitcoin

It may appear difficult to invest in bitcoin (BTCUSD), but it’s not. All you need is a secure means to keep your purchases and an account with a cryptocurrency exchange or service.

Read More: bitpapa

A secure internet connection, a payment method, a personal digital wallet separate from the exchange account, identity papers if you’re utilizing a Know Your Client (KYC) platform, and a cryptocurrency exchange account are all requirements for bitcoin investors. Debit cards, credit cards, and bank accounts are all accepted payment options for bitcoin. Peer-to-peer (P2P) exchanges and specialist ATMs are additional places to obtain bitcoin.

Prior to Purchasing Bitcoin

Security and privacy are major concerns in the Bitcoin community. Transactions can be authorized by investors who get the private key to a public address, which is a password-like cryptographic code that enables users to receive cryptocurrency in their accounts on the Bitcoin network. Investors need to be informed that the balance of a public address is accessible, and private keys have to be kept under wraps.

People are able to generate many public addresses and split up their bitcoin holdings among several addresses. Maintaining sizable assets at public addresses that aren’t directly linked to those used for transactions is a smart tactic.

While user identification information is not visible, the blockchain’s transaction history is. Transactions on the Bitcoin blockchain are secret but not anonymous since only the user’s public key is shown next to the transaction.

Due to the fact that Bitcoin transactions are visible to the public and the difficulty of tracking down the people involved in the transaction on the blockchain, they are more traceable than cash transactions. The FBI and academics, however, assert that they are able to follow transactions conducted on the Bitcoin blockchain to individuals’ digital wallets and other internet accounts.

An investor has to present identification when they open an account with Coinbase. It is still possible to link it to the account holder’s identity and the Coinbase purchase even if they transfer it to a different wallet.

How to Purchase Bitcoin

Step 1: Select a Cryptocurrency Trading Platform or Service

Because they have more cryptocurrencies for trade and a wider range of features, exchanges are a practical choice. Additionally, exchanges let consumers move bitcoin to an online wallet for storage and let investors purchase, sell, and store cryptocurrency.

Exchanges for cryptocurrencies come in a variety of forms. Some are decentralized, don’t need users to provide personal information, and let users stay anonymous. Anonymous trades can assist specific groups, such as refugees or those residing in nations with minimal to no banking or government credit infrastructure, in integrating into the mainstream economy.

Popular U.S. exchanges aren’t decentralized and abide by regulations requiring users to provide identity documents. These exchanges, which provide bitcoin and an increasing number of other cryptocurrencies, are Coinbase, Kraken, Gemini, and Binance.

Step 2: Link a Payment Option to Your Exchange

Personal identification may be requested, depending on the trade. This might entail providing a photocopy of your driver’s license or Social Security card along with details about your employment and income source. It’s pretty much the same procedure as opening a regular brokerage account.

You may link your bank account to a debit or credit card at most exchangers, or you can link it directly. While it is possible to buy cryptocurrency using a credit card, the volatility of cryptocurrency prices may increase the total cost of buying a token when paired with the interest charges on a credit card. Although bitcoin is allowed in the US, many banks may refuse to process deposits to websites or exchanges that deal with cryptocurrencies.

Step 3: Make a Purchase

With time, cryptocurrency exchanges have become more like their stockbrokerage equivalents in terms of functionality. Cryptocurrency exchanges provide several order types and investment options. Market and limit orders are available on almost all cryptocurrency exchanges, and some exchanges also provide stop-loss orders.

With market, limit, stop-loss, stop-limit, take-profit, and take-profit limit orders, Kraken provides the widest variety of order types.

Additionally, exchanges provide methods for setting up regular investments, enabling users to dollar-cost average into the assets of their choosing. For instance, consumers may schedule recurring purchases on Coinbase for each day, week, or month.

Step Four: Secure Storage

Cryptocurrency wallets and bitcoins are places to keep digital assets more safely. Investors maintain control over the private key to the cash when they store cryptocurrency in a personal wallet rather than on an exchange. While suggested, an exchange wallet is not advised for significant or long-term bitcoin holdings.

You Can Purchase Stickers Online In India

It is possible to turn a brand or design right into a label form. Your brand ought to be on gadgets, packaging and more. Attach your stickers to your telephone and ship them to your folks.

If you need to get rid of background, you should use Trace, and if you would like to make your personal designs, you ought to use Studio. You can use Sticker Mule’s belongings and images, and you can also use your personal assets. You can change the background and border to make the stickers you want.

Mailer bins, shipping bins, paper baggage and envelopes are a few of the most typical packaging items. If you’re on the lookout for a one of a form shape, we recommend die reduce sheet stickers to create one thing distinctive in smaller quantities. In larger portions, you can order die cut roll labels. We have everything your small business needs. You’ll have your model new stickers very quickly with instant proof and free shipping.

You can discover eye catching templates and prime quality label sticker printing to help you get observed. 7 ways to use custom stickers and labels to make your merchandise stand out The ability to print exterior of the die cut form of your customized stickers is unlocked by kiss minimize singles.


I liked how straightforward it was to change the order. Our pages may be ordered in a single page, that means there are no minimum order quantities, making it the most price effective product for lower run orders. With iron on transfer lettering, you will get a professional look. “An apprehension that an individual might commit an offence can’t be the premise of an allegation,” mentioned justice Bibek Chaudhuri in a 11 web page judgement on May four.

There Is A Trainer Sticker

Stand up packaging is ideal for store cabinets. Pick from a wide range of pouch colors and sizes. Flat packaging is nice for house saving. Choose from a variety of colors. Just a few clicks, you’ll have the ability to add a customized message and logo.

Stickers are used as a form of guerilla advertising, as nicely as serving as a ubiquitous form of visual and physical vandalization. The first self-adhesive sticker was created in 1935. One Bird at a Time is our newest Customer Spotlight. Rita Volpi is an Ohio primarily based illustrator and designer who uses MakeStickers to convey her illustrations to life.

You Can Make Your Macbook Stand Out With Customized Stickers

You can order in any dimension, die minimize shape and quantity. Premium vinyl can be utilized to print customized stickers. Don’t fear about high quality. Our customized scrapbook stickers are protected from wind, rain and daylight. They may be put in the dishwasher and look brand new. You can use customized shaped stickers in each your personal and skilled life.

It’s quite common to see sheets in the measurement of 6 or 12. Bumper stickers, which are magnetic and everlasting, are utilized by people to show their support for political or ideological causes. Identification of auto registration and final service details can be discovered on the within of most cars. Our die reduce singles are cut to the exact form of your design.

When an object must be recognized with a word or thought, stickers are often used. Some products might have brand stickers on them to indicate they are from a sure firm. A label dispenser can be used to separate the sticky label from the liner or backing tape. We provide custom labels when you’re in search of stickers on a roll. Kiss cut singles are a decrease price different to die reduce singles and are also identified as mini pages.

Customers will see a 3D rainbow effect. You ought to eat while you share details. Add particulars to every envelope. See the developer’s privacy policy for extra data. Your design may be printed in any shape you want.

The Bouncy Fort Is A Goal

There is a flyer for family attractions. Kids enjoyable line icons set are related to this pack. You can see lots of icons in this pack.

The point of utilizing Lorem Ipsum is that it has a roughly regular distribution of letters, versus utilizing ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default mannequin textual content and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many websites nonetheless in their infancy. Sometimes by chance, typically on objective, various versions have evolved over time. There is a most variety of kids that can be accommodated at anybody time. The age and measurement of the children who are to use the inflatable will have an result on this.

bouncy castle

Search for bouncy home or bounce castle and find extra nice stock pictures and photos. The prime half of the bouncy citadel has a blue sky and clouds. There is an inflatable bouncy fort on the centre. There is a bouncy citadel that children love. Adults typically take part when youngsters love them.

Same Day Delivery

Most of what the JavaAPI does is supported by the one hundred forty five,000 traces of code in the C#API. It can comfortably maintain a hundred folks at one time. The on-line English dictionary has a definition of bouncy citadel. Use icons on your website if you obtain your collections within the code format compatible with all browsers. Add, take away, edit, and rename icons to organize your collections. The kids are jumping on a trampoline.

One of the main sights at children’s events and carnivals are the bouncy fort and moon bouncers. Commercial bounce homes Bourne Inflatable Rental can be fun for adults. There are cups for hot drinks, cups for chilly drinks, and soup bowls within the bouncy tower.

The first FIPS certified releases had been made out there in November of 2016 with the latest Java model being assigned certification number 3514 and the newest C# version being assigned certification number 4416. The JCE suitable provider is built on the low degree APIs. The supply code for the JCE supplier is an example of tips on how to implement lots of the “frequent” crypto problems using the low stage APIs. There are many projects built using the JCE provider. The low level, or ‘light weight’, is a set of APIs that implements all of the underlying cryptanalysis.

There Is A Jumper

There is a poster with two inflatable slides. The mickey mouse bounce is positioned within the park. The mickey mouse is the mascot of The Walt Disney Company. We supply a complete vary of inflatable jumper.

The Bouncy Fort Bundle Is For Java

We make supplies for play school, children play areas, creches, nursey college and honest. Bouncy is a crucial merchandise for your youngsters to get pleasure from. All college products can be found in our prepared inventory. The attendant may not observe the utmost load suggestions if kids knock into each other. There is no less than one particular person watching the children on the bouncy fort. An attendant can’t supervise the exercise if he is collecting money.

It was necessary to avoid clashing with Bouncy Castle and Spongy Castle, as properly as functions that do not need FIPS certified services. The Bouncy Castle is included within the personalized model of the working system. The official release of Bouncy Castle can’t be used in applications as a end result of class name conflicts.

bouncy castles are great enjoyable and remind us of our childhood. A group of friends are having fun. They stand aspect by facet with their arms around each other, laughing and shouting at the digital camera.

You can add the bouncy citadel to one of the lists under. It was thought that a FIPS version of Spongy Castle might be done. For FIPS purposes, the provider needs to be put in on the gadget individually from the appliance. Stripy Castle is the name of the FIPS release forAndroid.

Your Access Has Been Denied

When this shoe released, some wore this mannequin with enterprise fits instead of costume sneakers. The infamy and the moment cool-factor of the Jordan 1, and later Air Jordan, was a trend and advertising alley-oop—the pinnacle for an athlete branded product and a feat that wasn’t surpassed by anyone else. The result’s that the Jordan 1s are a number of the most coveted sneakers at present. In 2020, Sotheby’s public sale house sold a pair of Jordan 1s for $560,000. Enabled by eBay, sneakerhead tradition gave consumers the chance to purchase, trade, and resale sneakers. Now, these actions occur on social media platforms like Instagram and Twitter, at retailers like Flight Club and Stadium Goods, on websites like StockX, Grailed, and Round Two, or functions like GOAT.

air jordan 1

A comparable black/white/royal blue colorway was released to the general public on the end of 2000. The colorway was changed for the basic public release as a result of the harmony purple had appeared like royal blue on tv. In 1984, most NBA regulation basketball sneakers had been simply all black or all white. Occasionally, the sneakers have been white with the accent colour of the team.

Yin Yang Black White Custom Jordan 1 Hand Painted Custom Sneakers Sneakers Customized Present Customized You Personal Ideals

The AJ1, depending on the make and model, varies dramatically in availability. For instance, the AJ1 Mid can be had year-round in numerous colorways, with sizes hardly ever ever promoting out inside unreasonable times. The similar can be mentioned for the AJ1 Low, though the silhouette doesn’t share the same stigma because the Mid. There also exists a “winterized 6 rings” that are a modified 6 Rings shoe became a durable boot designed for the outdoors which adjustments some of the design and placement of the components. The fourth Countdown package deal consisted of the Air Jordan Retro VI mannequin in White/Carmine.

Air Jordan 1 Mid

The sneakers had been solely samples in 1995 when Jordan determined to come back to the NBA. Hatfield and Nike discouraged Jordan from enjoying in them, but as soon as they had been produced, he could not resist. Also noteworthy, Jordan violated league dress code by sporting the shoes, as his teammates wore all-black footwear. It wasn’t the first time Jordan had run afoul of NBA footwear rules, having broken them with his very first signature shoe in 1985. He was fined $5,000 for not following the Bulls’ colorway coverage with the AJ XI.

Collaborations with luxury trend brands like Off-White, Comme des Garçons, and Christian Dior have given Jordan 1 fashion caché. Jordan 1 collaborations with pro BMX biker Nigel Sylverster and Houston rapper Travis Scott has engaged younger influencers to endear even youthful shoppers to this now legacy model. The Jordan Brand released colorways consultant of every staff that the Chicago Bulls defeated of their six championship seasons through the 1990s.

Coming later this October, Paul might be dropping a never-before-seen iteration of the classic Air Jordan 1 lowtop. First launched in 1985, they have been the primary signature sneakers for Michael Jordan, and rapidly grew to become must-haves for any sneakerhead. The Air Jordan 1s have been released in many alternative colourways since and are one of the well-known sneakers ever made. If you are in search of a pair of Air Jordan 1s, we have you lined.

What ensued set aflame to one of the essential footwear brands so far. And with its inaugural colorways — which MJ hated for its devilish purple look — the mannequin subverted the plain choices prolific on the time. A new report from Brandon1an and MrUnloved1s has noted nike dunk that Phoenix Suns level guard Chris Paul might be releasing his own Air Jordan 1 Low OG this Fall. CP3, who has signed with the Jordan Brand since 2006, has since launched dozens of signature footwear and worn a few of the most sought-after participant exclusives.

I was recently taking a day stroll in my New York City neighborhood and I observed a young woman wearing a navy plaid Catholic school uniform paired with navy and white Jordan 1 mid. On my approach to a Bermudian cooking class in Lower Manhattan, I virtually collided into an office employee (both of us deep in our iPhones) sporting a charcoal overcoat, dad jeans, and white and pale gray Jordan 1. From OG colorways just like the Jordan 1 Banned to collaborations just like the Jordan 1 Travis Scott, shop Air Jordan 1 sneakers in each colorway and silhouette on StockX.

There Is A Delicate Cotton Mattress For Sale

T Spring aspect helps are a safer various to the common foam cylinders or wedges which would possibly be used by many mattress makers. The Royal Flex® 704i Innerspring was engineered in Switzerland and accommodates 85% more coil than trade commonplace. Double warmth is used to make the innersprings stronger and more resistant to sagging. The coil springs are open ended, unknotted, six flip, which offers added flexibility, whichtranslates into greater sensitivity to your physique’s shape for higher support and leisure. Protect your mattress from spills with a prime quality mattress protector. The three in 1 Transition Bed and the Bamboo Eco Bed use a set of white cotton sheets to cowl the mattress.

Cotton Mattress online

Because of its restricted capacity to provide consistent body support over time because it breaks down, and also as a result of it could off gasoline harmful petrochemical vapors, no polyurethane foam is used. Health conscious folks and people with chemical sensitivities attempt to keep away from these chemical compounds. Standard sizes of White Lotus Home cotton mattresses can be found. To your specs, we make natural cotton and natural cotton mattresses, cushions and pillows. Most clients maintain their cotton mattresses longer than 7 or 10 years.

The Mattress Is Natural

The form of the mattress may be decided by your posture. If you wish to delay your life, you must reverse the mattress the different means up as soon as in a month or two. The mattress is snug and nice to make use of. The natural cotton used in a mattress will final for a lifetime. Royal Pedic merchandise cannot be shipped to PO packing containers.

Wool has the flexibility to control your body temperature, loosen up your muscle tissue and sleep better. Natural and natural wool is used in our mattresses to make them resistant to fire. The mattress cover may be seen from the outside. Most mattress producers use slippery, polyester materials that do not breathe as well and keep the toppers in place.

Our clients will at all times receive contemporary new supplies and components. Once the order is positioned into manufacturing, there are no returns or exchanges. If the packaging is opened, mattress frames aren’t returnable. To be succesful of promote a great product for much less price, we offer the choice of a “FUton” on all sizes. The White Lotus Futon is 5 inches thick and an inch thinner than our commonplace mattresses. You ought to get the right mattress feel in your sleeping place.

Micro Fitted Full Edge Water Protectors On The Mattress

Within a couple of days, each mattress is dispatched. We use probably the most reliable carriers to ship your products. We have partnerships with some of the greatest companies. Think about what holds the innerspring collectively after that. The innerspring system of Royal Pedic uses T spring aspect supports to supply higher edge help and firmness.

Usually it arrives in 7 days from the producer. Royal Pedic products are topic to Minimum Advertised Pricing Cotton Gadda (MAP) and are additionally topic to a No Return Policy. It’s essential to remain healthy to be able to be a successful entrepreneur. Sleep is probably considered one of the main ways we get it.

There is no one mattress style that works for everybody. The finest mattress for a person is the one that doesn’t cause ache. Natural curves and alignment of the backbone must be supported by a great mattress. The parts of manufactured merchandise have odors. Toxic chemicals have not been used to deal with our pure and natural materials. The chemical free pure consolation hawaiian mattress provides you with superior consolation in any sleeping environment